Intellectual officers, professional journals, and military change in the Northeast and National Revolutionary Armies, 1928–1937

Chi Man KWONG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article discusses the ways in which Chinese soldiers learned from foreign military developments in the decade before the outbreak of the Second Sino–Japanese War (1937–1945). Focusing on the Northeast Army (Dongbeijun) and the National Revolutionary Army (Guomin gemingjun), the article analyzes the role of Chinese intellectual officers in military change. It considers how they used professional military journals, which were at the time a new means of disseminating military knowledge, as a medium to discuss military issues, resolve differences in opinion, and push forward changes in tactics, equipment, and organization. It also suggests that some intellectual Chinese officers were fixated on the pursuit of a post-First World War modern approach to war that relied mainly on technology and industrial capability. However, this “modern” approach to war proved in practice to be rather inappropriate for contemporary conditions in the Republic of China.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-208
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Modern Chinese History
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2017

Scopus Subject Areas

  • History

User-Defined Keywords

  • Chinese military history
  • Intellectual officers
  • National Revolutionary Army
  • Northeast Army
  • professional journals

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Intellectual officers, professional journals, and military change in the Northeast and National Revolutionary Armies, 1928–1937'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this