Integrating perceptions of the school neighbourhood environment with constructs from the theory of planned behaviour when predicting transport-related cycling among Chinese college students

Ru Zhang, Chunqing ZHANG*, Kang Wan, Yan Si Hou, Ryan E. Rhodes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: Using a longitudinal design, the purpose of this study was to test a model integrating perceptions of the school neighbourhood environment with constructs from the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) to predict transport-related cycling among Chinese college students. Methods: A sample of 630 (M age = 18.95 years; SD = 1.16) Chinese college students completed baseline measures that included perceptions of the school neighbourhood environment, TPB constructs, transport-related cycling, and covariates. Of those, 547 students (M age = 18.90 years; SD = 0.92) also completed measures of transport-related cycling one month later. Results: Findings showed that intention had a direct effect on students’ transport-related cycling, while attitudes, subjective norm, and perceived behavioural control predicted cycling indirectly via intention. Perceptions of the school neighbourhood environment did not provide an indirect effect on cycling via the TPB constructs, although some perceived environmental factors had indirect effects on intention via attitudes and subjective norm. Further, those who perceived better street connectivity showed a larger intention-cycling relationship than those who perceived less street connectivity. Conclusions: Findings of this study highlight the importance of integrating perceptions of the school neighbourhood environment with the TPB constructs to explain transport-related cycling through both intention formation and action control (i.e. translating intention into behaviour). The identified moderator of perceived street connectivity on the intention-cycling relationship suggests that efficient cycling routes may impact action control of cycling. Future research applying dual process and action control models beyond TPB may contribute to the identification of the multilevel determinants of transport-related cycling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1288-1297
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

User-Defined Keywords

  • Active transportation
  • past behaviour
  • perception of physical environment
  • school neighbourhood environment
  • theory of planned behaviour
  • transport-related cycling

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