According to UNESCO Declaration of Bioethics and Human Rights, the informed consent process requires four characteristics to be valid: voluntariness, disclosure, understanding and capacity. Whenever one of these elements is missing, informed consent can be compromised. In their Principle of Biomedical Ethics, Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress claim that informed consent is an individual’s autonomous authorization, postulating seven structural elements, namely, competence to understand and decide, voluntariness in deciding, disclosure of material information, recommendation of a plan, understanding of the information and recommended plan, decision in favour of the plan and authorization of the chosen plan. This paper examines the key elements in the process of informed consent and their ethical implications and offers a critical response from Buddhism. The author contends that informed consent is a complicated concept which may have desirable and undesirable effects on medical practice, yet it is better to have it.
|Title of host publication||Cross-Cultural and Religious Critiques of Informed Consent|
|Editors||Joseph Tham, Alberto García Gómez, Mirko Daniel Garasic|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Number of pages||12|
|ISBN (Print)||9781032073132, 9781032120942|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Nov 2021|