Indoor airborne particle sources and outdoor haze days effect in urban office areas in Guangzhou

Manwen Zhang, Sukun Zhang, Guixian Feng, Hui Su, Fengzhi Zhu, Mingzhong Ren*, Zongwei CAI

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To identify the sources of PM2.5pollutants in work environments and determine whether the air quality inside an office was affected by a change in outdoor pollution status, concurrent indoor and outdoor measurements of PM2.5were conducted at five different office spaces in the urban center of Guangzhou on low pollution days (non-episode days, NEDs), and high pollution days (haze episode days, EDs). Indoor-outdoor relationships between the PM2.5mass and its chemical constituents, which included water-soluble ions, carbonaceous species, and metal elements, were investigated. A principle component analysis (PCA) was performed to further confirm the relationship between the indoor and outdoor PM2.5pollution. The results reveal that (1) Printing and ETS (Environmental tobacco smoking) were found to be important office PM2.5sources and associated with the enrichment of SO4 2-, OC, EC and some toxic metals indoors; (2) On EDs, serious outdoor pollution and higher air exchange rate greatly affected all studied office environments, masking the original differences of the indoor characteristics (3) Fresh air system could efficiently filter out most of the outside pollutants on both NEDs and EDs. Overall, the results of our study suggest that improper human behavior is associated with the day-to-day generation of indoor PM2.5levels and sporadic outdoor pollution events can lead to poor indoor air quality in urban office environments. Moreover, fresh air system has been experimentally proved with data as an effective way to improve the air quality in office.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-65
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Haze
  • Indoor air
  • Office
  • PM
  • Printing
  • Smoking

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