Two newly developed 4-nitrophenylhydrazone derivatives, 4-diethylaminobenzaldehyde 4-nitrophenylhydrazone, DEANPH, and 5-bromothiophene-2-carbaldehyde 4-nitrophenylhydrazone, BTNPH, which exhibit very strong second harmonic signals that are three orders of magnitude greater than that of the urea standard were investigated by single crystal X-ray analysis. The structural comparison with three other strongly optically nonlinear hydrazones revealed that the hydrogen bond-directed lambda-shaped supramolecular assemblies are the key and fundamental bases of all these non-centrosymmetric crystal packings. The high occurrence within this class of acentric crystals is likely due to this hydrogen bonded lambda-shaped packing motif. Since the chromophores are preferentially arranged in a lambda-shape, the acentric crystals are generally optimized for second-order nonlinear optical effects such as second harmonic generation.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Materials Chemistry