In this study, we report a new class of rhodamine-based fluorescent sensors for highly selective and sensitive detection of Pd2+ ions in aqueous medium. A rhodamine-based palladium sensor RPS and a coumarin-rhodamine Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-pair based palladium sensor FPS were synthesized with the designed podand ligand for Pd2+ ion recognition. They showed both colorimetric change and fluorometric change in the presence of Pd2+ ion due to the opening of their spirolactam rings. Both chemosensors are highly selective to Pd2+ over the other 24 different metal ions and they are selective to palladium species in +2 oxidation state, RPS showed a 70-fold fluorescent turn-on while FPS showed a 1.75-fold ratiometric change at I599/I470. Furthermore, RPS showed low cell cytotoxicity and it was successfully used to image Pd2+ in BEAS-2B lung epithelial cells.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Analytical Chemistry