Phosphotyrosine (pTyr) signaling complexes are important resources of biomarkers and drug targets which often need to be profiled with enough throughput. Current profiling approaches are not feasible to meet this need due to either biased profiling by antibody-based detection or low throughput by traditional affinity purification-mass spectrometry approach (AP-MS), as exemplified by our previously developed photo-pTyr-scaffold approach. To address these limitations, we developed a 96-well microplate-based sample preparation and fast data independent proteomic analysis workflow. By assembling the photo-pTyr-scaffold probe into a 96-well microplate, we achieved steric hindrance-free photoaffinity capture of pTyr signaling complexes, selective enrichment under denaturing conditions, and efficient in-well digestion in a fully integrated manner. EGFR signaling complex proteins could be efficiently captured and identified by using 300 times less cell lysate and 100 times less photo-pTyr-scaffold probe as compared with our previous approach operated in an Eppendorf tube. Furthermore, the lifetime of the photo-pTyr-scaffold probe in a 96-well microplate was significantly extended from 1 week up to 1 month. More importantly, by combining with high-flow nano LC separation and data independent acquisition on the Q Exactive HF-X mass spectrometer, LC-MS time could be significantly reduced to only 35 min per sample without increasing sample loading amount and compromising identification and quantification performance. This new high-throughput proteomic approach allowed us to rapidly and reproducibly profile dynamic pTyr signaling complexes with EGF stimulation at five time points and EGFR inhibitor treatment at five different concentrations. We are therefore optimized for its generic application in biomarkers discovery and drug screening in a high-throughput fashion.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Analytical Chemistry