Hearing Loss Affects Emotion Perception in Older Adults: Evidence from a Prosody-Semantics Stroop Task

Yingyang Wang, Min Xu, Jing Shao*, Lan Wang, Nan Yan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

Abstract

Semantics and prosody are two cues for the perception of spoken emotion. In situations where cues conflict, older adults (OA) have difficulty inhibiting one channel and fo- cusing on the other. OA with hearing loss may face more challenges. In this study, we examined the effects of ag- ing and hearing loss on multi-channel emotion processing through a prosody-semantics Stroop task in three groups of participants, i.e., younger adults (YA) and OA with and without hearing loss. It was found that OA with hearing loss showed the most degraded performance in process- ing conflicting information. When information was incon- gruent in two channels, they judged emotions less accu- rately than the other two groups. Moreover, OA with hear- ing loss was the only group to show channel dominance, in that they performed lower accuracy in the prosodic channel. These findings suggest that hearing loss affects spoken emotional perception in conflict situations, inde- pendent of age-related changes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 24th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2023
PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association
Pages4983-4987
Number of pages5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2023
Event24th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2023 - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 20 Aug 202324 Aug 2023
https://interspeech2023.org/ (Conference website )
https://interspeech2023.org/programme-overview-sample/ (Conference proceedings)

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH
Volume2023-August
ISSN (Print)2308-457X
ISSN (Electronic)1990-9772

Conference

Conference24th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2023
Country/TerritoryIreland
CityDublin
Period20/08/2324/08/23
Internet address

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Modelling and Simulation

User-Defined Keywords

  • Stroop-like task
  • emotion identification
  • hearing loss
  • older adults

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