Group Projected subspace pursuit for IDENTification of variable coefficient differential equations (GP-IDENT)

Yuchen He*, Sung Ha Kang, Wenjing Liao, Hao Liu, Yingjie Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


We propose an effective and robust algorithm for identifying partial differential equations (PDEs) with space-time varying coefficients from the noisy observation of a single solution trajectory. Identifying unknown differential equations from noisy data is a difficult task, and it is even more challenging with space and time varying coefficients in the PDE. The proposed algorithm, GP-IDENT, has three ingredients: (i) we use B-spline bases to express the unknown space and time varying coefficients, (ii) we propose Group Projected Subspace Pursuit (GPSP) to find a sequence of candidate PDEs with various levels of complexity, and (iii) we propose a new criterion for model selection using the Reduction in Residual (RR) to choose an optimal one among a pool of candidates. The new GPSP considers group projected subspaces which is more robust than existing methods in distinguishing correlated group features. We test GP-IDENT on a variety of PDEs and PDE systems, and compare it with the state-of-the-art parametric PDE identification algorithms under different settings to illustrate its outstanding performance. Our experiments show that GP-IDENT is effective in identifying the correct terms from a large dictionary, and our model selection scheme is robust to noise.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112526
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
Early online date29 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

User-Defined Keywords

  • Data-driven method
  • Model selection
  • PDE identification
  • Sparse regression


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