Glyoxalase 1 gene improves the antistress capacity and reduces the immune inflammatory response

Fukuan Du*, Yan Li, Jing Shen, Yueshui Zhao, Parham Jabbarzadeh Kaboli, Shixin Xiang, Xu Wu, Mingxing Li, Jiangyao Zhou, Yuan Zheng, Tao YI, Xiang Li, Jing Li, Zhangang Xiao, Qinglian Wen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Fish immunity is not only affected by the innate immune pathways but is also triggered by stress. Transport and loading stress can induce oxidative stress and further activate the immune inflammatory response, which cause tissue damage and sudden death. Multiple genes take part in this process and some of these genes play a vital role in regulation of the immune inflammatory response and sudden death. Currently, the key genes regulating the immune inflammatory response and the sudden death caused by stress in Coilia nasus are unknown. Results: In this study, we studied the effects of the Glo1 gene on stress, antioxidant expression, and immune-mediated apoptosis in C. nasus. The full-length gene is 4356 bp, containing six exons and five introns. Southern blotting indicated that Glo1 is a single-copy gene in the C. nasus genome. We found two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Glo1 coding region, which affect the three-dimensional structure of Glo1 protein. An association analysis results revealed that the two SNPs are associated with stress tolerance. Moreover, Glo1 mRNA and protein expression of the heterozygous genotype was significantly higher than that of the homozygous genotype. Na+ and sorbitol also significantly enhanced Glo1 mRNA and protein expression, improved the fish's antioxidant capacity, and reduced the immune inflammatory response, thus sharply reducing the mortality caused by stress. Conclusions: Glo1 plays a potential role in the stress response, antioxidant capacity, and immune-mediated apoptosis in C. nasus.

Original languageEnglish
Article number95
JournalBMC Genetics
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2019

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Coilia nasus
  • Glyoxalase 1 gene
  • Immunity
  • Inflammation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Stress

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