Global Identification of White Lupin lncRNAs Reveals Their Role in Cluster Roots under Phosphorus Deficiency

Mehtab Muhammad Aslam, Muhammad Waseem, Weifeng Xu, Li Ying, Jianhua Zhang*, Wei Yuan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Phosphorus (P) deficiency heterogeneously affected plant nutritional status and physiological performance, ultimately leading to a severe yield reduction. A few putative long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) responding to P-starvation in the model crops Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa have been characterized. White lupin (Lupinus albus) is of prime importance, and is a legume with increasing agronomic value as a protein crop as it exhibits extreme tolerance to nutrient deficiency, particularly P deficiency. Despite its adapted nature to P deficiency, nothing is known about low P-induced lncRNAs in white lupin roots. To address this issue, we identified 39,840 mRNA and 2028 lncRNAs in the eight developmental stages of white lupin root (S0–S7 and lateral root, LR) grown under P deficiency. From these 2028 lncRNAs, 1564 were intergenic and 464 natural antisense intergenic transcript (NAT) lncRNAs. We further predicted six potential targets of miRNAs with twelve lncRNAs, which may regulate P-deficiency-related processes. Moreover, the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) revealed seven modules that were correlated with the expression pattern of lncRNAs. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis revealed 606 GO terms and 27 different pathways including signal transduction, energy synthesis, detoxification, and Pi transport. In addition, we screened 13 putative lncRNAs that showed a distinct expression pattern in each root, indicating their role in the P deficiency regulatory network. Therefore, white lupin may be a reference legume to characterize P-deficiency-responsive novel lncRNAs, which would highlight the role of lncRNAs in the regulation of plant responses to P deficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9012
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Catalysis
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Lupinus albus
  • functional annotation
  • lncRNAs
  • mRNAs
  • microRNA
  • phosphorus deficiency


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