Ginsenoside Rb 1 induces type i collagen expression through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta

Hoi Hin Kwok, Patrick Y K YUE, Nai Ki MAK, Ricky N S WONG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Wrinkle formation is one of the primary characteristics of skin aging, the major cause of wrinkle is the loss of structural protein type I collagen in dermal layer of skin. Topical application of natural substances to reduce wrinkle is gaining attention in recent years. Although a number of polyphenoic compounds are suggested to prevent ultraviolet-induced wrinkle, very few of them are able to increase type I collagen synthesis directly. Ginseng has been known in folk medicine of its beneficial effect to skin. The present study investigate the effect of ginsenoside on type I collagen induction in human dermal fibroblasts. Ginsenoside Rb 1 was shown to induce type I collagen expression in dermal fibroblasts in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Recent studies suggest the important post-transcriptional regulatory role of microRNAs; here we demonstrated that miR-25 can directly inhibit type I collagen protein expression, and treatment of fibroblasts with Rb 1 can reduce the inhibition by decreasing miR-25 level. Furthermore, we identified that the nuclear receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPARδ) is the key mediator of Rb 1-induced type I collagen expression. Knockdown of PPARδ by small-interference RNA abolished the Rb 1-induced type I collagen production and reversed the Rb 1-suppressed miR-25 expression. These results demonstrated that ginsenoside Rb 1 can increase target gene expression through transcriptional pathway, at the same time, inhibit the corresponding miRNA expression to minimize the translation repression. Furthermore, this study provide solid support of ginsenoside Rb 1-induced type I collagen expression, which warrant further study in the dermatological application of ginsenosides in skin disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-539
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

User-Defined Keywords

  • Ginsenoside
  • miR-25
  • PPARδ
  • Rb
  • Type I collagen


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