Genomic structure, alternative splicing and tissue expression of rFrp/sFRP-4, the rat frizzled related protein gene

Judy Wai Ping Yam, Wing Chan Koon, Elly Sau Wai Ngan, Wendy W L HSIAO*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Secreted frizzled related proteins (sFRP) are regulators of Wnt signaling pathways that play central roles in developmental processes and oncogenesis. Various sFRP genes have been cloned from different tissues and implicated in diverse biological activities. rFrp, the rat homologue of sFRP-4, was initially identified as being upregulated in mutant p53-induced cellular transformation. Here, we report on the isolation of five novel splice variants, rFrp/sFRP-4 II, II, III, IVa and IVb. The complete rFrp/sFRP-4 genomic structure spans over 31 kb covering 9 exons. Except for the variant IVb, which was derived from IVa by alternative polyadenylation signal, variants I to IVa were alternatively spliced to different exons in the 3'end of mRNA and resulted in transcripts with truncated open reading frame. The deduced proteins of the variants had truncated C-termini, however, the two key functional protein domains, the cysteine-rich domain and the netrin-like domain of the isoforms, were not altered. In addition, different transcriptional initiation sites were found with variants II and IV, implying that these variants may be regulated differently from the rFrp/sFRP-4. RT-PCR analysis showed that these splice variants displayed different patterns of tissue-specific expression. Northern blot analysis revealed that the rFrp/sFRP-4 is most abundant in the ovary. Taken together, our findings suggest that alternative splicing of rFrp/sFRP-4 plays a role in regulating tissue-specific expression. The truncated C terminals of rFrp/sFRP-4 variants may confer structural specificity and hence exert different biological functions in different tissues. Characterization of these novel splice variants should help to elucidate the function of the sFRP family gene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalGene
Volume357
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2005

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Genetics

User-Defined Keywords

  • Cysteine rich domain
  • Netrin-like domain
  • Ovary
  • Wnt signaling

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