Gender differences in the impacts and challenges of COVID-19 on older people in Hong Kong

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to examine the differences in impacts and challenges experienced by older men and older women.

Methods: A random sample of 1200 Hong Kong Chinese aged 60 and above participated in the telephone survey and answered 24 items of self-constructed questions assessing the different types of impacts of the COVID pandemic and 18 self-constructed questions measuring the different types of challenges encountered by the older people. Independent sample t-test was used to compare the gender differences while multiple regression was used to examine the gender effect.

Results: The older women were more negatively affected than the older men in social activities, finance and routine, and interpersonal relationships. After controlling the other demographics, physical and mental health status, women were more negatively affected in social activities (B=-0.074), finances and routine (B=-0.164), and interpersonal relationships (B=-0.045) than men. On the other hand, the men were more negatively affected in workplace (B=0.019) than the women. In terms of barriers (B=-0.106), information access (B=0.025) and health services access (B=-0.205), older women faced a higher level of challenge than older men. The older men, on the other hand, faced greater challenges in terms of social relationship (B=-0.05).

Conclusion: There are significant differences between older men and older women in terms of these impacts and challenges. Therefore, interventions should be more targeted by incorporating these differences to tailor the specific needs of the older women and men respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2022
Event9th Global Social Sciences Graduate Student e-Conference - Zoom Meeting, Hong Kong
Duration: 28 Apr 2022 → …
https://sosc.hkbu.edu.hk/en/news_and_events/event_calendar/9thconf/ (Conference website)
https://sosc.hkbu.edu.hk/upload/news_event/496/self/upupdatedbooklet.pdf (Conference booklet)

Conference

Conference9th Global Social Sciences Graduate Student e-Conference
Country/TerritoryHong Kong
Period28/04/22 → …
Internet address

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