Formation of DHP-DNA Adducts from Rat Liver Microsomal Metabolism of 1,2-Unsaturated Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid-Containing Plant Extracts and Dietary Supplements

Xiaobo He, Qingsu Xia, Lin Zhu, Yisheng He, Matthew S. Bryant, Ge Lin, Peter P. Fu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

1,2-Unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are carcinogenic phytochemicals. We previously determined that carcinogenic PAs and PA N-oxides commonly form a set of four (±)-6,7-dihydro-7-hydroxy-1-hydroxymethyl-5H-pyrrolizine (DHP)-DNA adducts, namely, DHP-dG-3, DHP-dG-4, DHP-dA-3, and DHP-dA-4. This set of DHP-DNA adducts has been implicated as a potential biomarker of PA-induced liver tumor initiation from metabolism of individual carcinogenic PAs. To date, it is not known whether this generality occurs from metabolism of PA-containing plant extracts. In this study, we investigate the rat liver microsomal metabolism of nine PA-containing plant extracts and two PA-containing dietary supplements in the presence of calf thymus DNA. The presence of carcinogenic PAs and PA N-oxides in plant extracts was first confirmed by LC–MS/MS analysis with selected reaction monitoring mode. Upon rat liver microsomal metabolism of these PA-containing plant extracts and dietary supplements, the formation of this set of DHP-DNA adducts was confirmed. Thus, these results indicate that metabolism of PA-containing plant extracts and dietary supplements can generate DHP-dG-3, DHP-dG-4, DHP-dA-3, and DHP-dA-4 adducts, thereby potentially initiating liver tumor formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-250
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Research in Toxicology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Toxicology

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