Food Waste and Manure

Carol Sze Ki Lin*, Muthupandian Ashokkumar, Guneet Kaur, Chong Li, Xiaotong Li, Khai Lun Ong, Daniel Pleissner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Investigation of composition of biomass is an important pre-requisite for determining its suitability for various downstream applications. In recent times, food waste has emerged as a valuable biomass feedstock which could be valorized for production of fuels, chemicals and materials. Prior to use as a feedstock, it is pertinent to perform a detailed composition analysis and gather critical information about nutrient content including carbon, nitrogen and lipid. Additionally, analysis of minor constituents in food waste is significant to understand the possibility of their toxic or inhibitory effects during biotechnological conversions. Another abundant biomass source is manure which primarily arises from animal feeding operations. The major application of manure is land-applied fertilizer besides the recent investigations for fuel and energy. These intended applications demand complete characterization of nutrient content and quality. Thus, this chapter is focused on characterization and analysis of food waste and manure. Methods for sampling, handling and pretreatment of food waste and manure are discussed. Furthermore, a detailed nutrient analysis and equipment used for analysis is described. We further discuss the application of food waste processing techniques which could facilitate the characterization, treatment and product recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook on Characterization of Biomass, Biowaste and Related By-products
EditorsAnge Nzihou
PublisherSpringer Cham
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9783030350208
ISBN (Print)9783030350192, 9783030350222
Publication statusPublished - 18 Feb 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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