Following the traces of Christians and Christian communities in Northwestern China from 1920 to 1936 = 追尋1920到1936年間中國西北基督徒及其教會的足跡

Lauren Frederick Pfister, Yanrong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


This article is based primarily on published texts describing experiences during the period from 1920 to 1936 and written by three British itinerant female evangelists who were supported by the China Inland Mission (subsequently CIM):the unusual “Trio” of single women CIM missionaries who were Mildred Cable(蓋羣英,1878-1952),Evangeline French(馮貴珠,1869-1960)and her younger sister, Francesca French(馮貴石,1871-1960).Along with information drawn from some other sources retrieved from Chinese archives in northwestern Chinese provinces,we discuss the varied nature of the lives of Christian converts and Christian churches in Gānsù(甘肅)and Xīnjiāng(新疆)provinces during these years of Republican China. Of particular importance for these matters in Xīnjiāng are two books the Trio wrote about two British male missionary colleagues who worked as itinerant missionaries in Xinjiang Province:George W. Hunter(胡進潔,1862-1946)and Percy C.Mather(馬爾昌,1882-1933).On the basis of these different sources, this paper focuses on identifying and interpreting the recorded experiences of these missionaries as they encountered various converts and Christian communities in these regions. It attempts to offer a critical interpretation of these sources which involve hermeneutically sensitive readings and some critical reflections about the nature of Christian missions and communities in these provinces during the Republican period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-136
Number of pages36
JournalJian Dao: A Journal of Bible & Theology
Issue number37
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


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