First proteome of the egg perivitelline fluid of a freshwater gastropod with aerial oviposition

Jin Sun, Huoming Zhang, Hao Wang, Horacio Heras, Marcos S. Dreon, Santiago Ituarte, Timothy Ravasi, Pei Yuan Qian, Jianwen QIU*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


Pomacea canaliculata is a freshwater snail that deposits eggs on solid substrates above the water surface. Previous studies have emphasized the nutritional and protective functions of the three most abundant perivitelline fluid (PVF) protein complexes (ovorubin, PV2, and PV3) during its embryonic development, but little is known about the structure and function of other less abundant proteins. Using 2-DE, SDS-PAGE, MALDI TOF/TOF, and LC-MS/MS, we identified 59 proteins from the PVF of P. canaliculata, among which 19 are novel. KEGG analysis showed that the functions of the majority of these proteins are "unknown" (n = 34), "environmental information processing" (10), 9 of which are related to innate immunity, and "metabolism" (7). Suppressive subtractive hybridization revealed 21 PVF genes to be specific to the albumen gland, indicating this organ is the origin of many of the PVF proteins. Further, the 3 ovorubin subunits were identified with 30.2-35.0% identity among them, indicating their common origin but ancient duplications. Characterization of the PVF proteome has opened the gate for further studies aiming to understand the evolution of the novel proteins and their contribution to the switch to aerial oviposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4240-4248
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • apple snail
  • novel protein
  • perivitelline fluid
  • Pomacea canaliculata
  • proteomics


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