Fingerprint analysis of Resina Draconis by ultra-performance liquid chromatography

Yudi Xue, Lin Zhu*, Tao YI

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Resina Draconis, a bright red resin derived from Dracaena cochinchinensis, is a traditional medicine used in China. To improve its quality control approach, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) fingerprint method was developed for rapidly evaluating the quality of Resina Draconis. Methods: The precision, repeatability and stability of the proposed UPLC method were validated in the study. Twelve batches of Resina Draconis samples from various sources were analyzed by the present UPLC method. Common peaks in the chromatograms were adopted to calculate their relative retention time and relative peak area. The chromatographic data were processed by Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine software (Version 2004 A) for similarity analysis. Results: The present UPLC method demonstrated a satisfactory precision, repeatability and stability. The analysis time of the present UPLC method was shortened to 30 min, compared with that of the conventional HPLC method was 50 min. The similarities of the 12 Resina Draconis samples were 0.976, 0.993, 0.955, 0.789, 0.989, 0.995, 0.794, 0.994, 0.847, 0.987, 0.997, 0.986, respectively, which indicated that the samples were certainly regionally different. The similarities of the 12 samples showed more similar pattern except for samples 4, 7 and 9. Such variation in similarity may presumably be attributed to differences in source. Conclusions: Compared with the conventional HPLC method, the present UPLC method showed several advantages including shorter analysis time, higher resolution and better separation performance. The UPLC fingerprinting established in the present paper provides a valuable reference for the quality control of Resina Draconis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number67
JournalChemistry Central Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jul 2017

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Chemistry(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Chromatographic fingerprint
  • Resina Draconis
  • Similarity
  • UPLC


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