Fast Full-Wave Electromagnetic Forward Solver Based on Deep Conditional Convolutional Autoencoders

Huan Huan Zhang, He Ming Yao, Lijun Jiang, Michael Ng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This letter proposes a novel deep learning (DL) based fast solver for the electromagnetic forward (EMF) process. This proposed fast full-wave solver for EMF process is designed based on the deep conditional convolutional autoencoder (DCCAE), consisting of a complex-valued deep convolutional encoder network and its corresponding complex-valued deep convolutional decoder network. The encoder network makes use of the input consisting of the incident electromagnetic (EM) wave and the contrast (permittivities) distribution of the target domain, while the corresponding decoder network predicts the total EM field illuminated by the input incident EM wave. The training of the proposed DCCAE solver for EMF is merely based on the simple synthetic dataset. Thanks to its strong approximation capability, the proposed DCCAE can realize the prediction of the EM field of target domain by using the incident EM field and the distribution of contrasts (permittivities). Therefore, compared with conventional methods, the EMF problem could be solved with higher accuracy and the significant reduced computation time. Numerical examples have illustrated the feasibility of the newly proposed DL-based EMF solver. The newly proposed DL-based EMF solver presents its excellent performance for the real-time online application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-783
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Issue number4
Early online date28 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

User-Defined Keywords

  • Convolutional neural network (CNN)
  • deep learning (DL)
  • electromagnetic forward (EMF) process
  • real time


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