A number of diagnostic scales have been developed in recent years to assess Internet addiction. To better understand the structure, validity, and reliability of such assessment instruments, Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT) was evaluated using a confirmatory approach. Data collected through a survey of 410 Hong Kong university undergraduates was subjected to exploratory factor analysis and data from a hold-out sample was analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis in order to assess the psychometric properties and factor structure of the IAT scale. Three dimensions, namely, "Withdrawal and Social Problems", "Time Management and Performance", and "Reality Substitute" were extracted. These dimensions were then correlated with a number of criterion variables, including academic performance, online activities, gender, and Internet usage. The results show that academic performance was negatively correlated with the Internet addiction scores. The degree of Internet addiction was also found to vary across different types of online activity, with people engaged in cyberrelationships and online gambling having higher Internet addiction scores.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Human-Computer Interaction
- Confirmatory factor analysis
- Internet addiction
- Young's Internet Addiction Test