Facile synthesis of Cu2+-immobilized magnetic covalent organic frameworks for highly efficient enrichment and sensitive determination of five phthalate monoesters from mouse plasma with HPLC-MS/MS

Akang Dan, Shasha Zhang, Zhongliang Chen, Jinghan Dong, Wenjun Zheng, Yuxin Tu, Zian Lin*, Zongwei Cai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of a simple, highly selective, and sensitive analytical method for phthalate monoesters (mPAEs) remains a challenge due to the complexity of biological samples. To address this issue, Cu2+ immobilized magnetic covalent organic frameworks (Fe3O4@TtDt@Cu2+ composites) with core-shell structures were prepared to enhance the enrichment efficiency of mPAEs by a facile approach synthesis of COFs shells with inherent bifunctional groups on Fe3O4 NPs and further Cu2+ immobilization. The composites exhibit high specific surface area (348.1 m2 g−1), outstanding saturation magnetization (34.94 emu g−1), ordered mesoporous structure, Cu2+ immobilization, and excellent thermal stability. Accordingly, a magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) pretreatment technique based on Cu2+ immobilized COF composites combined with high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was established, and key parameters including the adsorbent amount, adsorption time, elution solvent, etc. were examined in detail. The developed analytical method showed wide linear ranges (10–8000 ng L−1), low limit of detections (LODs, 2–10 ng L−1), and good correlation coefficients (R2 ≥ 0.9904) for the five mPAEs. Furthermore, the analytical method was also successfully applied to the highly sensitive detection of metabolite mPAEs in mouse plasma samples, indicating the promising application of the Fe3O4@TtDt@Cu2+ composites as a quick and efficient adsorbent in the sample pretreatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123923
JournalTalanta
Volume253
Early online date8 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Cu2+ immobilization
  • Magnetic covalent organic frameworks
  • Magnetic solid-phase extraction
  • Metabolites
  • Phthalate monoesters

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