Expression profile of the carbon reserve remobilization from the source to sink in rice in response to soil drying during grain filling

Guanqun Wang, Haoxuan Li, Yulong Gong, Jianchang Yang, Yake Yi, Jianhua ZHANG*, Nenghui Ye*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Moderate soil drying (MD) applied during the mid-to-late grain filling stages can promote carbon reserve remobilization in straws (sheaths and stems) and increase the grain weight. The coordination between starch-to-sucrose transition in straws and sucrose-to-starch conversion in inferior grains is essential for carbon reserve remobilization during grain filling. Herein, to reveal the regulating mechanism of carbon reserve remobilization from source to sink, RNA-seq was utilized to analyze the dynamic transcript profile in source and sink of rice under MD treatment during grain filling. The expression of amylase genes and amylase activity was enhanced by MD treatment in straws, which is consistent with the increased amylase activity. In inferior grains, it was starch synthesis genes that were upregulated by MD treatment. Furthermore, an elevated ABA was found in both straws and inferior grains, which was caused by an increased expression of NCED1 and downregulation of ABA8OX2 by MD treatment, respectively. Additionally, the expression of MYB30, a transcription factor (TF) that negatively regulates beta-amylase genes, was reduced in straws by MD, resulting in an increased amylase activity. In contrast, an increased expression of NAC activated the expressions of starch synthesis gene in inferior grains under MD. Therefore, it is MYB30 and NAC that cooperates in source and sink, respectively, to promote carbon reserve remobilization in response to MD. Taken together, genes involved in carbon flow from source to sink are different between rice straws and inferior grains.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere204
JournalFood and Energy Security
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Forestry
  • Food Science
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • abscisic acid
  • grain filling
  • inferior grains
  • Oryza sativa
  • soil drying
  • straws


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