Expression of protein kinase C isoforms in euxanthone-induced differentiation of neuroblastoma cells

N. K. Mak, H. L. Lung, R. N. S. Wong, H. W. Leung, H. Y. Tsang, K. N. Leung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Euxanthone, a potent neuritogenic compound isolated from the roots of the medicinal herb Polygala caudata, has recently been shown to induce the differentiation of murine neuroblastoma Neuro 2A (BU-1) cells. In this study, the role of protein kinase C (PKC) and the expression of various PKC isoforms in euxanthone-treated BU-1 cells were examined, mRNA phenotyping using the reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed that BU-1 cells express six different PKC isoforms, namely PKC-α, -β, -δ, -ε, -λ, and -ζ, Differential regulation and expression of PKC isoforms was observed in BU-1 cells treated with 100 μM euxanthone. PKC-α, -β, -δ, -λ, and -ζ were all up-regulated, with 1.7- to 9.5-fold increase, at around 30 to 60 minutes after euxanthone treatment. The expression level of PKC-ε remained relatively constant during the treatment. PKC-γ -η, and -Θ were not detected in both untreated and euxanthone-treated BU-1 cells. Staurosporine, a broad spectrum PKC inhibitor, was found to inhibit both spontaneous and euxanthone-induced neuritogenesis in BU-1 cells. A significant reduction of the euxanthone-induced neuritogenic effect was also observed when the PKC isoform-specific inhibitor Go6976 was included in the culture. These results suggest that the euxanthone-induced differentiation of the neuroblastoma BU-1 cells may be mediated through the differential expression of PKC-α, -β, -δ, -λ and -ζ isoforms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-405
Number of pages6
JournalPlanta Medica
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Differentiation
  • Euxanthone
  • Neuroblastoma cells
  • Protein kinase C isoforms


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