Exploring bluetooth beacon use cases in teaching and learning: Increasing the sustainability of physical learning spaces

Sion Griffiths, Man Sing Wong*, Coco Yin Tung Kwok, Roy Kam, Simon Ching Lam, Lin Yang, Tsz Leung Yip, Joon Heo, Shing Bun Benedict Chan, Guanjing Xiong, Keru Lu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
83 Downloads (Pure)


Considering the surge in e-learning growth over the last decade and the proliferation of mobile devices in the Bring Your Own Device generation, this paper reviews selected use cases of Bluetooth beacons in educational situations. We review the contribution of Bluetooth beacons to a mixed pedagogy that uses digital and physical learning spaces, and we discuss the pilot deployment of Bluetooth beacons at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, to enhance physical learning spaces. Our work represents one of the first deployments of Bluetooth beacons in a university teaching and learning capacity and provides a starting point for others attempting to utilise beacon-enabled location-based services to enhance learner experiences. The widespread adoption of beacon technology in educational institutions has not yet occurred, and the most common usage of beacon transmitters and systems in education is for attendance-taking and dissemination of teaching material. Mobile applications are constantly being developed to utilise the location-based services provided by beacons to enhance student learning and effectiveness. This paper also discusses the sustainability benefits of beacon systems, especially in the contexts of smart campus and smart city development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4005
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

User-Defined Keywords

  • Bluetooth beacon
  • Location-based service
  • Smart campus
  • Teaching and learning


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