Explicit gate delay model for timing evaluation

Muzhou Shao, Martin D. F. Wong, Huijing Cao, Youxin Gao, Li Pen Yuan, Li Da Huang, Seokjin Lee

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Delay evaluation is always a crucial concern in the VLSI design and it becomes increasingly more critical in the nowadays deep-submicron technology. To obtain an accurate delay value, the gate modeling is a key issue. As the VLSI feature size scaling down and meanwhile operating frequency increasing, the modeling work becomes more difficult than ever for high-performance digital ICs. Nevertheless, most conventional techniques of gate modeling are based on the switch-resistor model;(i.e., a voltage source concatenating a driving resistance), which can only capture the gate characteristic in its switching region. Hence, these modeling techniques have to decouple the gate with its interconnects and compute a piecewise linear function for the driving source in the iterative computation of effective capacitance [1, 3, 4]. Since the driving source of the model is dependent on gate load, when the design modification affects the load, the gate has to be modeled again almost from the beginning for a new timing analysis. The efficiency will be deteriorated in synthesis loops due to this. In this paper, we present an explicit gate delay model, which is not sensitive to gate load and can be pre-computed before timing analysis and synthesis. Thus, the repetition of modeling work is totally unnecessary even when the gate load keeps on changing in the performance optimization procedure. The efficiency is certainly improved in the synthesis/optimization loops. The advantage is attributed to using a second-order circuit as the model base. This two-pole approach also certifies the model to yield an accurate result to match the non-linear output of gate.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationISPD '03
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2003 international symposium on Physical design
Place of PublicationUnited States
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9781581136500
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003
Event12th International Symposium on Physical Design, ISPD 2003 - Doubletree Hotel, Monterey, United States
Duration: 6 Apr 20039 Apr 2003
https://ispd.cc/ispd2024/slides/ispd2003.html (Conference website)
https://dl.acm.org/doi/proceedings/10.1145/640000 (Conference proceedings)

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Symposium on Physical Design, ISPD


Symposium12th International Symposium on Physical Design, ISPD 2003
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address

User-Defined Keywords

  • gate delay model
  • explicit
  • pre-characterize


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