Recent studies of non-Hermitian periodic lattices unveiled the non-Hermitian skin effect (NHSE), in which the bulk modes under the periodic boundary conditions (PBC) become skin modes under open boundary conditions. The NHSE is a topological effect owing to the nontrivial spectral winding, and such spectral behaviors appear naturally in nonreciprocal systems. Hence prevailing approaches rely on nonreciprocity to achieve the NHSE. Here, we report the experimental realization of the geometry-dependent skin effect in a two-dimensional reciprocal system, in which the skin effect occurs only at boundaries whose macroscopic symmetry mismatches with the lattice symmetry. The role of spectral reciprocity and symmetry is revealed by connecting reflective channels at given boundaries with the spectral topology of the PBC spectrum. Our work highlights the vital role of reciprocity, symmetry, and macroscopic geometry on the NHSE in dimensionality larger than one and opens new routes for wave structuring using non-Hermitian effects.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)