The exciton states in isolated and semi-isolated quantum wires are studied. It is found that the image charges have a large effect on the effective Coulomb potential in wires. For the isolated wire the effective potential approaches the Coulomb potential in vacuum at large z distance. For the semi-isolated wire the effective potential is intermediate between the Coulomb potential in vacuum and the screened Coulomb potential at large distance. The exciton binding energy in the isolated wire is about ten times larger than that in the quantum well, and that in the semi-isolated wire is also intermediate between those in the isolated wire and in the quantum well. When the lateral width increases the binding energy decreases further, and approaches that in the quantum well. The real valence-band structure is taken into account, the exciton wave functions of the ground state in the zero-order approximation are given, and the reduced mass is calculated. The effect of the coupling between the ground and excited states are considered by the degenerate perturbation method, and it is found the coupling effect is small compared to the binding energy.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics