Evidence that Mitotic Exit Is a Better Cancer Therapeutic Target Than Spindle Assembly

Hsiao Chun Huang*, Jue SHI, James D. Orth, Timothy J. Mitchison

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

227 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current antimitotics work by perturbing spindle assembly, which activates the spindle assembly checkpoint, causes mitotic arrest, and triggers apoptosis. Cancer cells can resist such killing by premature exit, before cells initiate apoptosis, due to a weak checkpoint or rapid slippage. We reasoned blocking mitotic exit downstream of the checkpoint might circumvent this resistance. Using single-cell approaches, we showed that blocking mitotic exit by Cdc20 knockdown slowed cyclin B1 proteolysis, thus allowed more time for death initiation. Killing by Cdc20 knockdown did not require checkpoint activity and can occur by intrinsic apoptosis or an alternative death pathway when Bcl2 was overexpressed. We conclude targeting Cdc20, or otherwise blocking mitotic exit, may be a better cancer therapeutic strategy than perturbing spindle assembly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-358
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Cell
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2009

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Oncology
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

User-Defined Keywords

  • CELLCYCLE

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