Evaluation of thermophilic fungal consortium for organic municipal solid waste composting

Mukesh Kumar Awasthi*, Akhilesh Kumar Pandey, Jamaluddin Khan, Pushpendra Singh Bundela, Jonathan W C WONG, Ammaiyappan Selvam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

282 Citations (Scopus)


Influence of fungal consortium and different turning frequency on composting of organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) was investigated to produce compost with higher agronomic value. Four piles of OFMSW were prepared: three piles were inoculated with fungal consortium containing 5. l each spore suspensions of Trichoderma viride, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus and with a turning frequency of weekly (Pile 1), twice a week (Pile 2) and daily (Pile 3), while Pile 4 with weekly turning and without fungal inoculation served as control. The fungal consortium with weekly (Pile 1) turning frequency significantly affected temperature, pH, TOC, TKN, C/N ratio and germination index. High degradation of organic matter and early maturity was observed in Pile 1. Results indicate that fungal consortium with weekly turning frequency of open windrows were more cost-effective in comparison with other technologies for efficient composting and yield safe end products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-221
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource Technology
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2014

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

User-Defined Keywords

  • Composting
  • Fungal consortium
  • Inoculation
  • Organic fraction of municipal solid waste
  • Turning frequency


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