ERP characteristics of sentential inductive reasoning in time and frequency domains

Peipeng Liang*, Ning Zhong, Shengfu Lu, Jiming LIU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Earlier studies have examined the issues of brain spatial localization in human sentential inductive reasoning using PET/fMRI. However, the temporal characteristics of such reasoning remain unclear. In our present study, we have used ERP (Event-related Potential) to further study human inductive reasoning involving sentential tasks. For congruent induction tasks, in which premises and conclusions are related, participants need to synthesize semantic information from the premises, conclusions, as well as background knowledge, while for incongruent induction tasks (baseline), in which premises and conclusions are unrelated, participants can respond " no" immediately. Behavioral data have been obtained that is consistent with expectations. ERPs imply that participants may integrate semantic information within the time window of 350-650. ms. Statistical analysis in the frequency domain has revealed a significant increase in the power of the gamma band (30-50. Hz) for congruent induction tasks in contrast to incongruent induction tasks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-73
Number of pages7
JournalCognitive Systems Research
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence

User-Defined Keywords

  • Event-related potential (ERP)
  • Frequency analysis
  • Inductive reasoning

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