Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity and Screen-Time in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Seven-Country Observational Study

Justin A. Haegele, Fenghua Sun, Chunxiao Li*, Kwok Ng, Jihyun Lee, Stefanie Hwee Chee Ang, Maria Luiza Tanure Alves, Hannah Yang, Yandan Wu, Jernice Sing Yee Tan, Pauli Rintala, Wendy Yajun Huang, Sean Healy, Isabella dos Santos Alves, Andre Lisandro Schliemann, Hyokju Maeng, Eija Karna, Ding Ding

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

This cross-sectional observational study sought to examine the environmental correlates of physical activity and screen-time among youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Parents of youth with ASD (n = 1,165) from seven countries/regions provided responses to an online survey form measuring environmental correlates (i.e., physical activity neighborhood environment, social network, social trust and cohesion, bedroom media, social home environment) and outcomes (i.e., physical activity, screen-time). Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to determine environmental predictors of the outcomes. Physical activity neighborhood environment (B = 0.15, p = 0.047), social network (B = 0.16, p = 0.02), and social home environment (B = 1.07, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with physical activity, whereas social trust and cohesion and bedroom media were not. Further, social trust and cohesion (B = -0.14, p = 0.001), bedroom media (B = 0.10, p = 0.001), and social home environment (B = -0.16, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with screen-time while neighborhood environment and social network were not. The identified environmental attributes of physical activity and screen-time behaviors should be targeted for health promotion among youth with ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Feb 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

User-Defined Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Disability
  • Environment
  • Physical exercise
  • Sedentary behavior

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