Environment-Robust WiFi-based Human Activity Recognition using Enhanced CSI and Deep Learning

Zhenguo Shi*, Qingqing Cheng, J. Andrew Zhang, Richard Yi Da Xu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Deep learning has demonstrated its great potential in channel state information (CSI)-based human activity recognition (HAR), and hence has attracted increasing attention in both the industry and academic communities. While promising, most existing high-accuracy methodologies require to retrain their models when applying the previous-trained ones to a new/unseen environment. This issue has limited their practical usabilities. In order to overcome this challenge, this article proposes an innovative scheme, which combines an activity-related feature extraction and enhancement (AFEE) method and matching network (AFEE-MatNet). The proposed scheme is 'one-fits-all,' meaning that the trained model can be directly applied in new/unseen environments without any retraining. We introduce the AFEE method to enhance CSI quality by eliminating noise. Specifically, the approach mitigates environmental noises unrelated to activity while better compressing and preserving the behavior-related information. Moreover, the size of feature signals generated by AFEE are reduced, which in turn significantly shortens the training time. For effective feature extraction, we propose to use the MatNet architecture to learn transferable features shared among source environments. To further improve the recognition performance, we introduce a prediction checking and correction scheme to rectify some classification errors that do not abide by the state transition of human behaviors. Extensive experimental results demonstrate that our proposed AFEE-MatNet significantly outperforms existing state-of-the-art HAR methods, in terms of both recognition accuracy and training time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24643-24654
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number24
Early online date21 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications

User-Defined Keywords

  • Channel state information (CSI)
  • deep learning
  • device-free sensing
  • human activity recognition (HAR)
  • WiFi


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