Enhancement of external quantum efficiency and reduction of roll-off in blue phosphorescent organic light emitt diodes using TCTA inter-layer

Ji Young Kim, Nam Ho Kim, Jin Wook Kim, Jin Sung Kang, Ju An Yoon, Seung Il Yoo, Woo Young Kim*, Kok Wai Cheah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The improved external quantum efficiency (EQE) and reduced roll-off properties of blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PHOLEDs), were fabricated with structure, ITO/NPB (400 Å)/TCTA (200 Å)/ mCP:FIrpic (7%)(300 Å)/TPBi (300 Å)/Liq (20 Å)/Al (800 Å) by incorporating an 4,4', 4″l-9-yl)-triphenylamine (TCTA) interlayer. We compared the properties of 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BCP) and 1,3,5-tris(N-phenylbenzimidazole-2-yl)benzene (TPBi) as the electron transport layer (ETL) with a typical structure of hole transport layer (HTL)/emissive layer (EML)/ETL in OLEDs and utilized inter-layer in the optimized structure to enhance EQE to 52% at 5.5 V, also stabilize the roll-off of 23%. The use of inter-layer in blue PHOLEDs exhibits a current efficiency of 10.04 cd/A, an EQE of 6.20% at 5.5 V and the highest luminance of 10310 cd/m2 at 9.5 V. We have identified the properties of electroluminescence through the inter-layer in blue PHOLEDs which can be divided into singlet excitons and triplet excitons which emit fluorescence of N,N'-bis(1-naphthalenyl)-N,N'-bis-phenyl- (1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'-diamine (NPB) at 420 nm and phosphorescence of Iridium (III) bis[(4,6-difluorophenyl)-pyridinato-N,C2'] picolinate (FIrpic) at 470 nm, 494 nm, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-124
Number of pages5
JournalOptical Materials
Volume37
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

User-Defined Keywords

  • Blue PHOLED
  • External quantum efficiency
  • Inter-layer
  • Roll-off
  • TCTA

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