Enhanced ROS generation mediated by alzheimer's disease presenilin regulation of InsP 3R Ca 2+ signaling

Marioly Müller, King-Ho Cheung, J. Kevin Foskett*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) is caused by mutations in amyloid precursor protein and presenilins (PS1, PS2). Many FAD-linked PS mutations affect intracellular calcium (Ca 2+) homeostasis by proximal mechanisms independent of amyloid production by dramatically enhancing gating of the inositol trisphosphate receptor (InsP 3R) intracellular Ca 2+ release channel by a gain-of-function effect that mirrors genetics of FAD and is independent of secretase activity. Electrophysiological recordings of InsP 3R in FAD patient B cells, cortical neurons of asymptomatic PS1-AD mice, and other cells revealed they have higher occupancy in a high open probability burst mode, resulting in enhanced Ca 2+ signaling. Exaggerated Ca 2+ signaling through this mechanism results in enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species, believed to be an important component in AD pathogenesis. Exaggerated Ca 2+ signaling through InsP 3R-PS interaction is a disease specific and robust proximal mechanism in AD that may contribute to the pathology of AD by enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species. © 2011 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1225-1235
Number of pages11
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2011

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