Egg perivitelline fluid proteome of a freshwater snail: Insight into the transition from aquatic to terrestrial egg deposition

Jack C.H. Ip, Huawei Mu, Yanjie Zhang, Horacio Heras, Jian Wen Qiu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Rationale: Proteins from the egg perivitelline fluid (PVF) are assumed to play critical roles in embryonic development, but for many groups of animals their identities remain unknown. Identifying egg PVF proteins is a critical step towards understanding their functions including their roles in evolutionary transition in habitats.

Methods: We applied proteomic and transcriptomic analysis to investigate the PVF proteome of the eggs of Pomacea diffusa, an aerial ovipositing freshwater snail in the family Ampullariidae. The PVF proteins were separated with the sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) method, and proteomic analysis was conducted using an LTQ Velos ion trap mass spectrometer coupled with liquid chromatography. Comparison of PVF proteomes and evolution analyses was performed between P. diffusa and other ampullariids.

Results: In total, 32 egg PVF proteins were identified from P. diffusa. They were categorized as PV1-like subunits, immune-responsive proteins, protein degradation, signaling and binding, transcription and translation, metabolism, oxidation–reduction and proteins with unknown function. Interestingly, the proteome includes a calcium-binding protein important in forming the hard eggshell that enabled the terrestrial transition. However, it does not include PV2, a neurotoxic protein that was assumed to be present in all Pomacea species.

Conclusions: The PVF proteome data from P. diffusa can help us better understand the roles that reproductive proteins played during the transition from underwater to terrestrial egg deposition. Moreover, they could be useful in comparative studies of the terrestrialization in several groups of animals that occurred independently during their evolution.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere8605
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Issue number7
Early online date28 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Organic Chemistry


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