Efficient electrophosphorescence from a platinum metallopolyyne featuring a 2,7-carbazole chromophore

Cheuk Lam HO*, Chung Hin CHUI, Wai Yeung WONG, Shawkat M. Aly, Daniel Fortin, Pierre D. Harvey, Bing Yao, Zhiyuan Xie, Lixiang Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


The synthesis, thermal and emission properties of an electrophosphorescent platinum (II) metallopolyyne polymer consisting of 9-butylcarbazole-2,7-diyl spacer P1 are described. The optical and electronic properties of P1 are compared to their molecular diplatinum (II) and digold (I) model complexes. The photophysical properties of P1 are somehow analogous to its 2,7-fluorene-linked congener but differs significantly from that for the 3,6-carbazole derivative. Its optical band gap is notably reduced as compared to that for the 3,6-carbazole analog. Multi-layer polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) were fabricated with P1 as the emitting layer which gave a strong green-yellow electrophosphorescence. The best PLED can reach the maximum current efficiency of 4.7 cd. A-1 at 5 wt.-% doping level, corresponding to an external quantum efficiency of 1.5%. This represents the first literature example of efficient PLEDs exhibiting pure triplet emission under electrical excitation for metallopolyynes without the concomitant singlet emission. For safety concern, this was also tested for possible cytotoxicity and it does not show significant cytotoxic activity on liver and breast derived human cells at reasonable doses, rendering this functional material safe to use in practical devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1786-1798
Number of pages13
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2009

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Alkyne
  • Metallopolymer
  • Phosphorescence
  • Photophysics
  • Polymer light-emitting device
  • Transition metal


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