Efficient and stable operation of nonfullerene organic solar cells: Retaining a high built-in potential

Yiwen Wang, Jiayin Han, Linfeng Cai, Ning Li, Zhe Li*, Fu Rong Zhu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)


This work reports our research efforts to improve the operational stability of nonfullerene organic solar cells (OSCs) by retaining a stable and high built-in potential across the bulk heterojunction (BHJ). The stable built-in potential in the OSCs is realized through suppression of the interfacial reaction between the BHJ and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) hole transporting layer (HTL). The impact of interfacial modification, molybdenum oxide (MoO3) induced oxidation doping of the PEDOT:PSS HTL, on the operational stability of poly[(2,6-(4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl-3-fluoro)thiophen-2-yl)-benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene))-Alt-(5,5-(1′,3′-di-2-Thienyl-5′,7′-bis(2-ethylhexyl)benzo[1′,2′-c:4′,5′-c′]dithiophene-4,8-dione))] (PBDB-T-2F): 3,9-bis(2-methylene-((3-(1,1-dicyanomethylene)-6,7-difluoro)-indanone))-5,5,11,11-Tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-dithieno[2,3-d:2′,3′-d′]-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b′]dithiophene (IT-4F) nonfullerene OSCs has been analyzed. We found that the MoO3-induced oxidation doping in PEDOT:PSS can effectively suppress the interfacial chemical reactions between IT-4F and PEDOT:PSS, a recently identified major degradation mechanism in nonfullerene acceptor (NFA) with 2-(3-oxo-2,3-dihydroinden-1-ylidene)malononitrile moieties-based OSCs. Our findings highlight the importance of retaining high built-in potential to mitigate any associated degradation mechanisms, to accompany the rapid advances in the molecular synthesis of NFAs, toward enhanced operational stability of NFA-based OSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21255-21264
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number40
Early online date3 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


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