Efficiency and stability of different tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminium (Alq3) derivatives in OLED applications

C. Y. Kwong, A. B. Djurišić*, W. C.H. Choy, D. Li, M. H. Xie, W. K. Chan, Kok Wai CHEAH, P. T. Lai, P. C. Chui

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, we have investigated the material stability and organic light emitting diode (OLED) performance for tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminium (Alq3) and for three of the Alq3 derivatives. For each material, electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements were performed and the degradation of photoluminescence (PL) with atmosphere exposure was studied. Performance of OLEDs based on these materials was also studied. The device structure was ITO/N,N′-di(naphthalene-1-yl)-N,N′-diphenyl-benzidine (NPB) (50nm)/Alq3 or Alq3 derivatives (60nm)/LiF (0.3nm)/Al (60 nm). It was found that the rate of PL decay of the films correlates strongly with the existence of ESR signal. However, stability of OLEDs fabricated from these materials showed no direct relationship with PL decay in the films. This indicates that the dominant degradation mechanism in OLEDs is related to the passage of electric current through the device. Detailed discussion of the performances of four light emitting materials in terms of efficiency and stability is given.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2005

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

User-Defined Keywords

  • OLED
  • Photoluminescence
  • Tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminium


Dive into the research topics of 'Efficiency and stability of different tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminium (Alq3) derivatives in OLED applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this