Effects of Ving Tsun sticking-hand training on upper-limb sensorimotor performance in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults: A randomized controlled trial

Joanne W.Y. Chung, Shirley S.M. Fong*, Yang Gao, Timothy T.T. Yam, Yvonne T.C. Chak, Joyce C.Y. Leung, Thomas K.S. Wong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of Ving Tsun (VT) sticking-hand training on upper-limb joint position sense and muscular performance in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. Methods: Thirty-three adults were randomly allocated to either a VT group or a control group. The VT group received VT sticking-hand training twice per week for 3 months. Measurements were taken before and after the intervention period. The primary outcome was elbow-joint repositioning error, which was measured by an elbow-joint passive positioning and active repositioning test using a universal goniometer. Secondary outcomes were upper-limb muscles’ peak force and time taken to reach peak force as measured by a hand-held dynamometer. Results: No significant time, group or time-by-group interaction effects were found for elbow-joint repositioning error or upper-limb muscle peak force outcomes. Shoulder flexor time to peak force decreased by 33.8% from pre-test to post-test in the VT group (P = 0.007). Shoulder abductor, internal and external rotator, and elbow extensor times to peak force decreased by 30.0%–35.9% in the VT group (P < 0.05) and by 30.4%–37.1% in the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusions: VT sticking-hand training does not improve elbow-joint position sense or the maximum strength of upper-limb muscles in middle-aged and older adults. However, VT can improve shoulder flexor muscles’ time to reach peak force in these populations. VT had no obvious effect on the time required to reach peak force in other shoulder muscles and elbow extensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-34
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Sciences
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Nursing(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Aged
  • Exercise movement techniques
  • Joint position sense
  • Middle aged
  • Muscle strength
  • Upper extremities

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