Effects of high-intensity intermittent running exercise in overweight children

Patrick W C LAU, Del P. Wong, Jake K. Ngo, Y. Liang, C. G. Kim*, H. S. Kim

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    52 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Abstract: This study examined the effects of a 6-week intermittent exercise training, at different intensities, on body composition, functional walking and aerobic endurance in overweight children. Forty-eight overweight children (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years) were randomly assigned to either intervention or control group. Lower and higher intensity intermittent exercise groups (LIIE and HIIE) performed intermittent running three times a week. LIIE performed more intervals at a lower intensity [16 intervals at 100% of individual maximal aerobic speed (MAS), 8 minutes in total], and HIIE performed fewer intervals at a higher intensity (12 intervals at 120% of MAS, 6 minutes in total). Each interval consisted of a 15-second run at the required speed, followed by a 15-second passive recovery. After 6 weeks, HIIE had a significantly (p < 0.05) higher percentage reduction in sum of skinfolds (i.e. calf and triceps), and significantly (p < 0.05) fewer steps during the functional obstacle performance, as compared with LIIE and control group. Significant improvement (p < 0.05) was found in intermittent aerobic endurance for HIIE as compared to the control group. Higher intensity intermittent training is an effective and time-efficient intervention for improving body composition, functional walking and aerobic endurance in overweight children.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)182-190
    Number of pages9
    JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
    Volume15
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2015

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
    • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

    User-Defined Keywords

    • efficiency
    • fat burn
    • Interval training
    • obese
    • obesity

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