Effects of food availability, larval source and culture method on larval development of Balanus amphitrite amphitrite Darwin: Implications for experimental design

Jian Wen Qiu*, Pel Yuan Qian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of food concentration on larval development of Balanus amphitrite amphitrite Darwin (Crustacea: Cirripedia) were studied in three experiments designed to examine plasticity of survival, time of development, and size: I, larvae from a single brood, cultured individually; II, larvae from multiple broods, cultured individually; III, larvae from multiple broods, cultured in groups (batch cultures). Nauplii were fed the diatom Skeletonema costatum (Grev.) Cleve at six concentrations ranging from 0 to 106 cells · ml-1 at 24 °C and 30‰ salinity. Food concentration had a clear impact on larval survival and development time for B. a. amphitrite and larvae showed the same trends in survival, duration of development, and growth whether they were obtained from single or multiple parents and whether they were cultured individually or in batches. Nauplii of B. a. amphitrite failed to reach the cypris stage at algal concentrations ≤ 103 cells · ml-1. Development stopped at nauplius II when larvae were reared at 0-102 cells · ml-1 and stopped at nauplius III when larvae were reared at 103 cells · ml-1. Survival at 105 and 106 cells · ml-1 was higher than at 104 cells · ml-1. Larvae reared at the three highest food concentrations developed to the cypris stage. Development time from nauplius II to cyprid was similar (p > 0.10) when larvae were maintained at 105 or 106 cells · ml-1, but was significantly longer when reared at 104 cells · ml-1. The sizes of B. a. amphitrite larvae at a particular stage were similar regardless of food concentration, developmental rate, larval source (from single vs. multiple broods) and the method of culture. In future studies that involve B. a. amphitrite larvae, larval source and method of culture can be selected solely on the basis of questions to be addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-61
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Volume217
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 1997

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • Balanus amphitrite amphitrite
  • Barnacle
  • Food limitation
  • Larvae
  • Larval development

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of food availability, larval source and culture method on larval development of Balanus amphitrite amphitrite Darwin: Implications for experimental design'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this