Effects of Exposure to COVID-19 News and Information: A Meta-Analysis of Media Use and Uncertainty-Related Responses During the Pandemic

Tsz Hang Chu, Tien Ee Dominic Yeo*, Youzhen Su

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

This meta-analysis integrates 47 empirical studies, comprising 89,826 participants from 21 countries, to examine the cumulative effects and potential moderators of exposure to COVID-19 news and information on attendant emotions, appraisals, and behaviors. Overall media exposure indicated only small positive effect sizes on adverse psychological reactions, though it was moderately and positively associated with disease concern and preventive measures. Social media exposure was associated with all these responses, but traditional news media exposure was only associated with disease concern. The associations between overall media exposure and adverse psychological reactions were moderated by COVID-19 experience, healthcare profession, and country type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-112
Number of pages24
JournalJournalism and Mass Communication Quarterly
Volume99
Issue number1
Early online date4 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Communication

User-Defined Keywords

  • media exposure
  • meta-analysis
  • psychological distress
  • public health crisis
  • uncertainty management

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