Effects of chronic tramadol exposure on the zebrafish brain: A proteomic study

Hui Qin Zhuo, Lin Huang, He Qing Huang*, Zongwei CAI

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Tramadol hydrochloride (TH), has become the most prescribed opioid worldwide. However, its neurotoxicity and abuse potential are not well documented. In the present study, TH administration induced abnormal behavior and body and brain mean weight loss. Two principal metabolites O- and N-desmethyltramadol were detected in the brain tissue, and N-desmethyltramadol was the main metabolite produced. A total of 30 differential protein spots were identified using semi-quantitative 2D-PAGE and proteomic analyses, and classified into 13 categories, in which subtypes of 14-3-3 proteins, creatine kinase, ATP synthase beta chain, and tubulin were identified at the separated location on the gels 3, 3, 4, and 11 times respectively. Many TH responsive proteins have functions related to oxidative stress, including 14-3-3 proteins, creatine kinase BB, ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L-1, ATP synthase, synaptosome-associated protein, tubulin and actin. Irrespective of oxidative damage, other pathways affected include apoptosis, energy metabolism, signal disorders, and cytoskeletal structure. Ultrastructural observation of mitochondria showed a series of morphological changes in the case of TH exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3351-3364
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Proteomics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Abuse potential
  • Metabolism
  • Oxidative stress
  • Proteomics
  • Tramadol hydrochloride


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