Effects of body-mapping-designed clothing on heat stress and running performance in a hot environment

Jiao Jiao*, Yi Li*, Lei Yao, Yajun Chen, Yueping Guo, Stephen H.S. Wong, Frency S.F. Ng, Junyan Hu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


To investigate clothing-induced differences in human thermal response and running performance, eight male athletes participated in a repeated-measure study by wearing three sets of clothing (CloA, CloB, and CloC). CloA and CloB were body-mapping-designed with 11% and 7% increased capacity of heat dissipation respectively than CloC, the commonly used running clothing. The experiments were conducted by using steady-state running followed by an all-out performance running in a controlled hot environment. Participants’ thermal responses such as core temperature (Tc), mean skin temperature (Ts), heat storage (S), and the performance running time were measured. CloA resulted in shorter performance time than CloC (323.1 ± 10.4 s vs. 353.6 ± 13.2 s, p = 0.01), and induced the lowest Ts, smallest ΔTc, and smallest S in the resting and running phases. This study indicated that clothing made with different heat dissipation capacities affects athlete thermal responses and running performance in a hot environment. 

Practitioner Summary: A protocol that simulated the real situation in running competitions was used to investigate the effects of body-mapping-designed clothing on athletes’ thermal responses and running performance. The findings confirmed the effects of optimised clothing with body-mapping design and advanced fabrics, and ensured the practical advantage of developed clothing on exercise performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1435-1444
Number of pages10
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2017

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

User-Defined Keywords

  • core temperature
  • heat dissipation
  • running exercise
  • Sportswear
  • thermal responses


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