Effects of Anulom Vilom Pranayama and Rope Mallakhamb Training on respiratory parameters in young females with athletic backgrounds

Julien S. Baker, Baljinder S. Bal, Rashmi Supriya, Parmjit Kaur, Maman Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Study Aim To assess the effects of Anulom Vilom Pranayama (AVP) or alternative nostril breathing and Rope Mallakhamb Training (RMT) on respiratory parameters among university females with athletic backgrounds. Material and Methods A quasi experimental study was performed on thirty-six, university female students from the Department of Physical Education (T), Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India. The subjects were divided in three groups. The groups were subjected to 4-weeks of intervention including: Group A (n1 =12) subjected to AVP, Group B (n2 =12) subjected to RMT, and Group C: (n3 =12) no training or control. Respiratory parameters were measured twice, pre and post intervention using a wet spirometer. All measurements were performed three times and the average values were recorded for analysis. Results 4-weeks of AVP resulted in positive increases for respiratory parameters measured including Tidal Volume (VT) 25.7%, Inspiratory Reserve Volume (IRV) 29.4%, Expiratory Reserve Volume (ERV) 27.1%, Vital Capacity (VC) 33.2%, and Inspiratory Capacity (IC) 31.6% compared to the control group. Also, 4-weeks of RMT had a positive impact on respiratory parameters including (VT) 19.8%, (IRV) 22%, (ERV) 19.4%, (VC) 32 % and (IC) 28.1% compared to the control group. Conclusions Both AVP and RMT had a positive impact on respiratory parameters. Also, AVP training has a more positive impact on respiratory parameters than RMT and may also contribute to the enhancement of concentration-based performance and voluntary control of breathing among young females from athletic backgrounds. As a result, AVP training can be more beneficial for a competitive edge in order to improve the athletes’ primary need for respiratory endurance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-209
Number of pages11
JournalPedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Education
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

User-Defined Keywords

  • anulom vilom
  • expiratory reserve volume
  • inspiratory capacity
  • inspiratory reserve volume
  • tidal volume
  • vital capacity

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