Effects of aging and age-related hearing loss on talker discrimination

Min Xu, Jing Shao, Lan Wang

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Paralinguistic information is as important as linguistic information. Being familiar with talker’s voice may facilitate speech perception, especially in challenging conditions. Previous studies have suggested that aging and age-related hearing loss lead to the deterioration of the phonetic and phonological processing ability. The current study aims to explore whether these two factors exert effects on the talker’ voice discrimination. Three groups of participants, including young adults (YA) and older adults (OA) with and without hearing loss, were tested on talker discrimination in four types of stimuli varying in language familiarity: Mandarin real words, pseudowords, Arabic words and reversed Mandarin words. The results showed that OA with and without hearing loss performed worse than YA in both nonnative and native conditions. OA with hearing loss further performed worse than OA with normal hearing in Mandarin real word condition. These findings indicated that aging and hearing loss affected both low-level phonetic and high-level phonological processing, but hearing loss had extra effect on phonological processing. Altogether, these results implied that OA could not utilize phonetic and phonological cues as effectively as YA, and OA with hearing loss encountered more difficulties in utilizing phonological cues in talker discrimination.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 22nd Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2021
PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association
Pages1728-1732
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781713836902
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021
Event22nd Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2021 - Brno, Czech Republic
Duration: 30 Aug 20213 Sep 2021
https://www.isca-speech.org/archive/interspeech_2021/

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH
Volume4
ISSN (Print)2308-457X
ISSN (Electronic)1990-9772

Conference

Conference22nd Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2021
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic
CityBrno
Period30/08/213/09/21
Internet address

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Signal Processing
  • Software
  • Modelling and Simulation

User-Defined Keywords

  • Age-related hearing loss
  • Aging
  • Language familiarity
  • Talker discrimination

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