BACKGROUND: Elevated postprandial glucose (PPG) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Post-meal exercise effectively reduces PPG concentrations. However, the effect of accumulated versus continuous post-meal exercise on PPG control remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of individualized accumulated or continuous exercise on PPG in young adults with obesity.
METHODS: Twenty young adults with obesity (11 males) completed three 4-h randomized crossover trials with 6-14-day washout periods: (1) sitting (SIT), (2) one 30-min walking bout (CONT), and (3) three 10-min walking bouts separated by 20-min resting (ACCU). Walking was initiated 20 min before individual PPG peak after breakfast, which was predetermined by continuous glucose monitoring. Blood samples were collected at 15-30 min intervals, and the 24-h glucose was monitored via continuous glucose monitoring.
RESULTS: The 4-h PPG incremental area under the curve (iAUC) was 12.1%±30.9% and 21.5%±21.5% smaller after CONT ( P = 0.022) and ACCU ( P < 0.001), respectively, than after SIT. PPG concentrations were lower during CONT at 30-60 min and during ACCU at 30-105 min after breakfast than during SIT (all P < 0.05). The 4-h plasma insulin and C-peptide iAUC, and mean amplitude of glycemic excursions were lower after CONT and ACCU than after SIT (all P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Both continuous and accumulated exercises reduced PPG, insulin, and C-peptide concentrations and improved glucose fluctuations. Accumulated exercise maintained lower PPG concentrations for a longer time than continuous exercise in young adults with obesity.
CLINICAL TRIAL INFORMATION: Clinical trial registration No. ChiCTR 2000035064, URL: http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=56584; (registered July 29, 2020).
Both continuous and accumulated walking lowered post-meal glucose, insulin and C-peptide levels and improved glucose fluctuation.
Postprandial glucose was kept lower for a longer time in accumulated than continuous walking.
Accumulated post-meal exercise (e.g. three 10-min bouts of walking) could be recommended as a feasible and practical alternative protocol for postprandial glucose control, especially for those who have difficulty performing sufficient exercise in one session.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||European journal of sport science|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 1 Mar 2023|
Scopus Subject Areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Continuous glucose monitoring
- Exercise patterns
- Physical activity
- Postprandial glucose