Effects of 12 weeks of exercise on hepatic TNF-α and PPARα in an animal model of high-fat diet-induced nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

Haifeng Zhang, Yuxiu He*, Pak-Kwong CHUNG, Tom K K TONG, Frank H K FU, Yujuan Chen, Guangfa Jiao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is hepatic inflammation caused by a buildup of fat in the liver. This study was designed to examine whether the NASH-associated increase in hepatic TNF-α mRNA expression and serum TNF-α, and decrease in hepatic PPARα mRNA expression in rats secondary to 12-week consumption of a high-fat diet would be attenuated with concurrent exercise. A total of 28 male Sprague-Dawley strain rats were randomly assigned into four groups: standard diet without (C, n=6) and with (E, n = 7) concurrent exercise; and high-fat diet without (H, n = 8) and with (HE, n=7) concurrent exercise. The mean daily energy intake during the intervention period resulting from the standard and high-fat diets was approximately 82 kcal and 95 kcal, respectively. Swimming exercise was carried out in the E and HE groups for 12 weeks. The initial swimming duration of 30 minutes was progressively increased by 10 min · d-1 to 90 minutes by the end of the fourth week, which then remained unchanged. NASH revealed by histological activity index, which occurred in the H but not the C group, was alleviated in the HE group. Moreover, the upregulation of hepatic TNF-α mRNA expression and serum TNF-α, and downregulation of hepatic PPARα mRNA expression, which were shown in the H group, were attenuated in the HE group. Such findings suggest that long-term exercise carried out concurrently with consumption of a high-fat diet could alleviate high-fat diet-induced NASH. These may be partly attributable to the attenuation of hepatic TNF-α overexpression and the upregulation of hepatic PPARα mRNA expression. [J Exerc Sci Fit • Vol 7 • No 1 • 18-23 • 2009].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-23
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Exercise Science and Fitness
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

User-Defined Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Hepatic PPARα
  • Hepatic TNF-α
  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

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