Effectiveness of an individualized functional training program on affective disturbances and functional skills in mild and moderate dementia--a randomized control trial.

Linda LC Lam, Victor WC Lui, Daisy NY Luk, Rachel Chau, Cliffton So, Vicky Poon, Peter Tam, Raymond Ching, Henry Lo, Julian Chiu, Ada Fung, Flora SL Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives
We reported the findings of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to examine the effects of an individualized functional enhancement program (FEP) on functional skills and mood symptoms in mild and moderate dementia.
Subjects & Methods
74 Chinese older persons with dementia were recruited into a skills training program by occupational therapists (OT). Thirty seven subjects were trained with an individualized selection of daily activities (FEP Intervention, I); 37 were trained with general occupational therapy (Control, C). The FEP comprised of twice weekly group sessions of skills training and problem solving using cognitive behavioral approach.
Results
At 1 month after completion of program, both I and C subjects showed an improvement in process skills of the assessment of motor and process skills (AMPS)(paired t-tests, p  0.05).
Conclusions
The findings suggested a potential benefit for individualized occupational therapy. It should be tailor made with individual needs and continued for sustained effectiveness. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-141
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

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